The History of Craps
The dice are considered as one of the oldest gambling tools. The dice and games that go along with them can be traced all over the ancient world. Devoted players of dice even included famous emperors of Rome.
Modern day cubical die evolved in Egypt about 600 B.C. The ancient epic of India "Mahabharata" depicts stories of warriors playing dice and loosing their fortune. Koreans were likewise big dice fans during the early days. Four-sided knuckle bones were used by American Indians to produce their dice games. Traces of its popularity in the language of the Arabs was based on the fact that the word die means the same as a knuckle bone.
The background of the dice dates back to prehistoric times when ancient weapons were thrown by aboriginal fortunetellers in attempting to foretell the future of his tribe. Prior to becoming a device for gambling, the dice was considered as a shaman's attributes.
Eventually, they underwent a long series of changes in shape, size, form and markings. The Greeks and Romans created dice from expensive materials such as ivory, cherished stones and materials and porcelain. Modern day dice are made from hard cellulose. Its edges are sharp as razor and its corners as tough as needles. To avoid loading of dice, the cellulose is transparent.
In general, the beginnings of dice and dice games are a few thousand years old. The history of modern craps, however, is only a hundred years old. The game could have evolved from an English game called "Hazard."
History can prove that the game was played by twelfth century soldiers during the Third Crusade, under the leadership of the trio of the most powerful monarchs of Western Europe Hazard could have been introduced prior to the crusades. There is a possibility that it was brought to America by the first English settlement on the "Mayflower."
The game of Hazard attained popularity in New Orleans by the 1800, where it was called craps by the French. Since then, rules and odds underwent scrutiny several times. Simpler and faster variations of the original Hazard were introduced. A variation - Table Off game - became extremely popular during the 19th century. During that period, many variations such as the 6 and 8 layout, the Field, the Win and Come wager, were added. However, betting was allowed only with the dice against the House.
Finally, the possibility of craps players betting right and wrong was introduced by John H. Winn. The layout was enhanced and an additional space for Don't Pass bets was drawn out. Casino Craps reached worldwide popularity in 1931 when casino gambling was authorized in the state of Nevada.